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GBH International

Dr. Marcelo M. Hirschler

Email: gbhint@aol.com
Internet: www.gbhinternational.com

 
   
Fire Litigation Support Codes & Standards Development Fire Research Fire Testing Instruments & Equipment
Background Of GBH International About Marcelo Hirschler Plenum Cable Association Fire Links

Publications by
Marcelo M. Hirschler

Email: gbhint@aol.com
Internet:
www.gbhinternational.com

   Books  

1)              "The Combustion of Organic Polymers", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1981.

2)              "Oxidation of Organic Compounds.  Solvent Effects in Radical Reactions", N.M. Emanuel', G.E. Zaikov and Z.K. Maizus, translators: A.K. Henn and I.G. Evans, translation editor: M.M. Hirschler, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1984.

3)              "Fire hazard and fire risk assessment", ASTM STP 1150, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, Editor: M.M. Hirschler, (1992).

4)              "Carbon monoxide and human lethality: Fire and non fire studies", Editor in Chief: M.M. Hirschler, Associate Editors: S.M. Debanne, J.B. Larsen and G.L. Nelson, Elsevier, 1993.

5)          "Fire Calorimetry", Editors: M.M. Hirschler and R.E. Lyon, DOT/FAA/CT-95-46, NTIS, 1995.

6)          "Electrical Insulating Materials - International Issues", ASTM STP 1376, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, Editor: M.M. Hirschler (2000).

   Scientific Publications and Presentations  

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Some of the papers listed below can be viewed as an Adobe PDF file. In order to view the paper you will need to download Adobe's free Acrobat Reader Software. To download it now click here:

2004

389)     "Fire Safety of Cars, Trains, Ships and Airplanes.  What Has Been Happening Recently in the USA", M.M. Hirschler, Flame Retardants 2004, January 27-28, 2004, London, pp. 241-252, Interscience Communications, London, UK, 2004.

2003

 388)     "Flammability and Fire Performance of Polymers", M.M. Hirschler, Chapter in American Chemical Society Textbook on "Properties of Polymers", Robert Brady, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington, DC, 2001., pp 700-738. 2003

 387)     "Update on the Fire Protection Research Foundation Research Advisory Council on Fire and Transportation Vehicles", Marcelo M. Hirschler, Composites 2003, Convention and Trade Show of the Composites Fabricators Association, October 1-3, 2003, Anaheim, CA.

 386)     "Fire Tests for Life Safety Code Users - Supplement 5 of the Handbook of the NFPA 101 Life Safety Code, Ninth Edition", (Ed. R. Cote and G.E. Harrington), Marcelo M. Hirschler, 2003, pp.1053-1078, NFPA, Quincy, MA, 2003.

 385)     "Fire Safety in Rail Transportation Vehicles: Special Focus on Recent Activities at the Federal Railroad Administration, NFPA 130 and ASTM E 2061", Marcelo M. Hirschler, Fire Risk & Hazard Assessment Symposium,  Fire Protection Research Foundation, July 2003, Baltimore, MD, pp. 440-459, NFPA, Quincy, MA.

 384)     "Update on the Activities of the New Fire and Transportation Vehicles Research Advisory Council of the Fire Protection Research Foundation", Marcelo M. Hirschler, Fire Risk & Hazard Assessment Symposium,  Fire Protection Research Foundation, July 2003, Baltimore, MD, pp. 85-101, NFPA, Quincy, MA.

 383)     “Fire Hazard Assessment of Personal Computers in a Home and in a Small Office”, M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company Fourteenth Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, June , 2003, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp. 324-365, Norwalk, CT, 2003.

382)     "Fire Hazard Associated with Passenger Cars and Vans”, M.M. Hirschler, D.J. Hoffmann,  J.M. Hoffmann and E.C. Kroll, Fire and Materials Conf., San Francisco, CA, Jan. 27-28, 2003, Interscience Communications, London, UK, pp. 307-319.

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2002

381)     “Specifying Decorative Lighting”, Marcelo M. Hirschler, Selling Christmas Decorations, Fall 2002 Issue.

380)         “Developments in Codes, Standards and Regulations Associated with Upholstery in the United States”, Marcelo M. Hirschler, in Proc. Fire Retardant Trends and Advances, Fall Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Technical Meeting, Oct. 21-22, 2002, pp. , FRCA, Lancaster, PA.

379)         “Fire Hazard Associated with Decorative Lights”, Marcelo M. Hirschler , Fire Risk & Hazard Assessment Symposium,  Fire Protection Research Foundation, July 2002, Baltimore, MD, pp. , NFPA, Quincy, MA.

378)        "Rate of Heat Release of Plastic Materials from Car Interiors", M.M. Hirschler, J.M. Hoffmann and E.C. Kroll, Business Communications Company Eleventh Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, June 3-5, 2002 Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp Norwalk, CT 2002.

377)         "Flammability of Mattresses: Recent Fire Test Data and Implications", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company Eleventh Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, June 3-5, 2002, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp., Norwalk, CT 2002.

376)         “Predicting Large-Scale Fire Performance from Small-Scale Fire Test Data”, M.M. Hirschler and M.L. Janssens, NFPA World Safety Conference & Exposition, Minneapolis, MN, May 19-23, 2002.

375)         “Fire Safety Issues Relevant to Flocking Materials”, M.M. Hirschler, American Flocking Association Annual Meeting, May 10, 2002, Scottsdale, AZ.

374)         “Update on Codes and Standards Committee of the Fire Retardant Chemicals Association”, Marcelo M. Hirschler, at Spring Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Technical Meeting, March 10-13, 2002, San Antonio, TX, FRCA, Lancaster, PA.

373)         "Fire Performance of Plastics in Car Interiors", S.J. Grayson and M.M. Hirschler, Flame Retardants 2002, February 5-6, 2002, London, pp. 197-207 , Interscience Communications, London, UK, 2002.

372)         "How to Decide if a Material is Suitable for an Application Where Fire Safety is Required", M.M. Hirschler, Flame Retardants 2002, February 5-6, 2002, London, pp. 45-56, Interscience Communications, London, UK, 2002.

371)         "Thermal Decomposition of Polymers", C.L. Beyler and Marcelo M. Hirschler, Chapter  in SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering (3rd Edn)", Editor-in-chief: P.J. DiNenno, pp. , NFPA, Quincy, MA, 2001.

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2001

370)         "Fire Testing of Electric Cables for Public Transportation", Marcelo M. Hirschler, Proc. Third Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference, Federal Aviation Administration, Atlantic City, NJ, Oct. 22-25, 2001, pp..

369)        "Statistics of Fires Involving Wire and Cable in Concealed Spaces and the Associated Fire Hazard and Fire Risk", Marcelo M. Hirschler, in Proc. Fire Retardant Trends and Advances, Fall Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Technical Meeting, Oct. 14-16, 2001 pp. 1-19, FRCA, Lancaster, PA.

368)         “Upholstered Furniture and Mattress Fire Safety Requirements in the USA”, Marcelo M. Hirschler, International Isocyanate Institute Meeting, Edinburgh, UK, September 20, 2001.

367)        Can the Cone Calorimeter be Used to Predict Full Scale Heat and Smoke Release Cable Tray Results from a Full Scale Test Protocol?", Marcelo M. Hirschler, Proc. Interflam '2001, Edinburgh, UK, September 17-19, 2001, pp. 137-148, Interscience Communications, London, UK.

366)         "Fire Safety Analysis of a Locomotive", Donald J. Hoffmann and Marcelo M. Hirschler, proprietary report, September 2001.

365)         "Fire Hazard Associated With Mattresses in Detention Facilities", Coordinating Committee on Fire Safety, Society of the Plastics Industry/American Plastics Council, Williamsburg, VA, August 20-21, 2001.

364)         "Christmas Tree Lights and Fire Safety with PVC", Marcelo M. Hirschler, Underwriters Laboratories International Seminar on Wire and Cable, August 2001, Hong Kong.

363)         "Fire Safety in Detention Environments", Marcelo M. Hirschler , Fire Risk & Hazard Assessment Symposium,  Fire Protection Research Foundation, June 20-22, 2001, Baltimore, MD, pp. 241-273, NFPA, Quincy, MA.

362)        "Determining the Fire Safety of a Material Via Fire Hazard Assessment", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company Eleventh Annual Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 21-23, 2001, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp., Norwalk, CT 2001.

361)         "Fire Safety of Electrical Cables in Rail Transportation", Marcelo M. Hirschler, NFPA World Safety Congress, Anaheim, CA, May 13-17, 2001.

360)         "Cable Fire Tests", M.M. Hirschler, Federal Aviation Administration Fire Safety Section, Materials Group Meeting, Ottawa, Ont., Canada, February 13-14, 2001.

359)         "Fire Performance of Organic Polymers, Thermal Decomposition, and Chemical Composition", M.M. Hirschler, American Chemical Society , Fire and Polymers III, Editors: G.L. Nelson and C. Wilkie, Washington, DC, 2001, pp.

358)         "Using the Cone Calorimeter as a Screening Tool for the NFPA 265 and NFPA 286 Room Test Procedures",M.L. Janssens, S.E. Dillon and M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials Conf., San Francisco, CA, Jan. 22-24, 2001, Interscience Communications, London, UK, pp. 529-540.

357)        "Mattress/Bedding Fires:  Statistics and Fire Data Associated with Recent Experience", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials Conf., San Francisco, CA, Jan. 22-24, 2001, Interscience Communications, London, UK, pp. 129-140.

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2000

356)         "Recent Activities in Codes and Standards Relevant to the Fire Retardants Industry",  M.M. Hirschler, in Fall Tech. Mtg of Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc., Jacksonville, FL, October 15-18, 2000, pp. 83-99.

355)         "Intermediate Scale Heat Release Calorimetry (ICAL) - Precision Information and Latest Developments", M.M. Hirschler, Polymer International 49, 1199-1209, (2000).

354)         "Fire Performance of Organic Polymers, Thermal Decomposition, and Chemical Composition", M.M. Hirschler, American Chemical Society Preprints, August 2000 National Meeting, Symposium on Fire and Polymers, Symp. Chair: G.L. Nelson and C. Wilkie, Washington, DC.

353)         "Fire Tests, Standards and Codes", Course on Fire and Polymers, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington, DC, Aug. 19, 2000.

352)         "Use of Heat Release Measurements and/or Fire Hazard Assessment in Codes and Standards in the USA", Fire Risk & Hazard Assessment Symposium, National Fire Protection Research Foundation, June 28-30, 2000, Atlantic City, NJ, pp.

351)         "Chemical Aspects of Thermal Decomposition of Polymeric Materials", M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials", Eds. A.F. Grand and C. Wilkie, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, 2000, pp. 27-79.

350)        "Fire Testing of Electrical Cables in Transportation Environments: Trains, Ships and Aircraft", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company Eleventh Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 22-24, 2000, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp. , Norwalk, CT 2000.

349)         "Fire Safety of Rail Passenger Vehicle Interior Materials: Recent Developments",  M.M. Hirschler, in Spring Tech. Mtg of Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc., Washington, DC, March 13-15, 2000, pp. 195-218.

348)         "International Fire Test for Electrical Cables", M.M. Hirschler, 29th Int. Conf. Fire Safety, Jan. 10-13, 2000, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, pp. 138-62 (2000), San Francisco, CA

347)         "Fire Hazard and Smoke Toxicity: Post-Flashover Fire Issues or Incapacitation via Irritancy?", M.M. Hirschler, Flame Retardants 2000, February   8-9, 2000, London, pp. 193-204, Interscience Communications, London, UK, 2000.

346)         "Fire Testing of Electrical Materials", M.M. Hirschler, in ASTM Symposium on Electrical Insulation Materials: International Issues, March 15, 1999, Seattle, WA, Symposium Chairman: M.M. Hirschler, also in ASTM E1376, Electrical Insulating Materials - International Issues", Editor M.M. Hirschler, ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA, pp. 168-205.

345)         "Electrical Insulating Materials - International Issues", ASTM STP 1376, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, Editor: M.M. Hirschler (2000).

344)         "Recent Codes and Standards in the USA that Use Fire Hazard Assessment/Heat Release,"  M.M. Hirschler, Intern. Heat Release Assoc. Mtg, London, UK, February 7, 2000.

343)         "New ASTM Standard Practice on How to Conduct Large Scale Heat Release Tests," M.M. Hirschler, Intern. Heat Release Assoc. Mtg, London, UK, February 7, 2000.

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1999

342)         "Fire Performance of Automotive Interior Materials", M.M. Hirschler, ASTM E05 (Committee on Fire Standards) Research Review, New Orleans, LA, Dec. 6, 1999.

341)         "An Intermediate Scale Calorimetry Test: ICAL (ASTM E 1623).  Precision (Repeatability and Reproducibility) and Applications", M.M. Hirschler, in Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Fall Mtg, Tucson, AZ, Oct. 25-27, 1999, pp. 117-149.

340)         "Fire Standards and Fire Testing, as Presented by Fire Testing Technology", S.J. Grayson and M.M. Hirschler, in Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Fall Mtg, Tucson, AZ, Oct. 25-27, 1999.

339)         "Intermediate Scale Calorimetry (ICAL).  Precision Information and Latest Developments", M.M. Hirschler, in Fire Retardant Polymers, 7th. European Conf., Univ. Greenwich, London, UK, Sept. 8-10, 1999.

338)         "Factory Mutual Research Corporation Standard 4910 Fire Propagation Apparatus", M.M. Hirschler, in Making Fabs Firesafe: Toward Inherently Firesafe Fabs.  An Industry Forum on FM 4910 Plastics", at Semicon West, San Francisco, July 15, 1999.

337)         "Fire Hazard Assessment in Post-Flashover Fires: Analysis of the Toxic Fraction of Fire Hazard" M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. Fire Risk and Hazard Research Application Symposium, NFPRF, San Diego, CA, June 23-25, 1999, pp. 86-100.

336)         "Plenum Cable Fire Test Method: History and Implications", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company Tenth Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May , 1999, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp. , Norwalk, CT, 1999.

335)         "Smoke Toxicity: Yields of Toxicants in Fires and Implications for Lethality and Incapacitation", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company Tenth Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May , 1999, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp. , Norwalk, CT, 1999.

334)         "Fire: Codes, Standards and Regulations", M.M. Hirschler, in BCC Course on Fire Issues, Stamford, CT, May 1999.

333)         "Use of Heat Release Rate to Predict Whether Individual Furnishings Would Cause Self Propagating Fires", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Safety J., 32, 273-296 (1999).

332)         "Interlaboratory Round Robin for Evaluation of Precision of the Intermediate Scale Calorimeter, ICAL, ASTM E1623: Results", in International Heat Release Association Meeting, San Antonio, TX, February 24, 1999.

331)         "Smoke Obscuration Measurements in the NFPA 265 Room-Corner Test", M.M. Hirschler & M.L. Janssens, Fire and Materials Conf., San Antonio, TX, Feb. 22-23, 1999, Interscience Communications, London, UK, pp. 179-198.

330)         "Room Fire Testing - Recent Experiences and Implications", G. Finley, M.L. Janssens & M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials Conf., San Antonio, TX, Feb. 22-23, 1999, Interscience Communications, London, UK, pp. 83-94.

329)         "Fire Test to Assess Flame Spread and Smoke Obscuration of Plenum Cables.  Background and Issues", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials Conf., San Antonio, TX, Feb. 22-23, 1999, Interscience Communications, London, UK, pp. 37-57.

328)         "Heat and Smoke Measurements of Construction Materials Tested in a Room-Corner Configuration According to NFPA 265", M.M. Hirschler and M.L. Janssens, 27th Int. Conf. Fire Safety, Jan. 11-15, 1999, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, pp. 70-93 (1999), San Francisco, CA.

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1998

327)         "What I Have Learned While Writing Draft Fire Hazard Assessment Standards and Guides for ASTM E-5" M.M. Hirschler, in "ASTM' Role in Performance-Based Fire Codes and Standards", ASTM STP 1377, pp. 28-43 (1999), Ed., J.R. Hall, from ASTM E05 Symposium in Nashville, TN, Dec. 8, 1998, Amer. Soc. Testing & Materials, West Conshohocken, PA.

326)         "Fire Test to Assess Flame Spread and Smoke Obscuration of Plenum Cables.  Background and Issues", M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire Safety and Technology", Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Fall Mtg, Newport, RI, Oct. 4-7, 1998.

325)         "Fire Hazard of Automotive Interiors", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Risk & Hazard Assessment Symposium, National Fire Protection Research Foundation, June 24-26, 1998, San Francisco, CA, pp. 164-195.

324)    "Equipment from Fire Testing Technology", M.M. Hirschler and S. Upton, Business Communications Company Ninth Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, June 1-3, 1998, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp. 413-429, Norwalk, CT, 1998.

323)         "Fire Hazard Assessment: Roadblock or Opportunity?", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Technology, 34 (2), 177-187 (1998).

322)         "Smoke Detectors in Rental Residential Units.  Case Studies of Actual Fires Without Detectors", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company Ninth Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, June 1-3, 1998, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp. , Norwalk, CT, 1998.

321)         "Naval Fire Safety and the New NFPA Code for Life Safety of Merchant Vessels", M.M. Hirschler, ASTM F25 Symp. on Fire Safety in Ships, Atlanta, GA, May 6, 1998.

320)         "Fire Retardant Activity: Quantitative Comparison of Additives", M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire Safety and Technology", Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Spring Mtg, Atlanta, GA, Mar. 22-25, 1998, pp. 195-217.

319)         "Intermediate Scale Heat Release Rate Calorimeter (ICAL): Preliminary Information on Interlaboratory Round Robin for Precision", M.M. Hirschler, Int. Heat Release Assoc. Mtg, Feb. 25. 1998, San Antonio, TX.

318)         "New NFPA Code for Life Safety of Merchant Marine Vessels", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials Conf., San Antonio, TX, Feb. 23-24, 1998, Interscience Communications, London, UK, pp. 251-62.

317)         "Fire Performance of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) - Update and Recent Developments", M.M. Hirschler, Flame Retardants '98, February 3-4, 1998, London, pp. 103-23, Interscience Communications, London, UK, 1998.

316)         "How to Assess the Effect of an Individual Product on the Fire Hazard in a Real Occupancy, Based on Heat Release Rate", M.M. Hirschler, Flame Retardants '98, February   3-4, 1998, London, pp. 225-40, Interscience Communications, London, UK, 1998.

315)         "How to Get Large Scale Fire Test Data Without Running Expensive Tests", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 24th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 12-16, pp. 266-287 (1998).

314)         "Heat Release Test for Mattresses Intended for Use in Correctional Environments", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 24th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 12-16, pp. 74-88 (1998).

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1997

313)         "Analysis of and Potential Correlations Between Fire Tests for Electrical Cables, and How to Use This Information for Fire Hazard Assessment", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Technology, 33, 291-315, (1997).

312)         "Fire Hazard Assessment: Roadblock or Opportunity?", M.M. Hirschler, in National Fire Protection Association Fall Mtg Speaker Session # 2, Kansas City, MO, Nov. 18 1997, NFPA, Quincy, MA.

311)         "Update on Fire Test Methods Used for Materials or Products", M.M. Hirschler, in Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc. Fall Mtg, Cleveland, OH, Oct. 1997.

310)         "Preliminary Study of Non Halogen Flame Retardant, Low Smoke/Corrosivity Wire and Cable Insulation", E.D. Weil and M.M. Hirschler, Proprietary Report, August 1997.

309)         "Progress Report on U.S. Research on Test Methods and Materials", M.M. Hirschler and T. Kashiwagi, UJNR (1997).

308)         "Upholstered Furniture Fire Testing: Comparison of Cone Calorimeter and Room Calorimeter Results from Fabric Project for Predicting Fire Performance", M.M. Hirschler, 2nd. Int. Conf. on Fire Research & Engnrng, Soc. Fire Protection Engineers, Gaithersburg, MD, Aug. 11-14 1997.

307)         "Effect of a Single Furnishing Product on Fire Hazard in Actual Occupancies, Based on Heat Release Rate", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Risk & Hazard Assessment Symposium, National Fire Protection Research Foundation, June 25-27, 1997, San Francisco, CA, pp. 216-242.

306)         "Analysis of Full Scale Fire Tests of Wall Linings in Ranch House", in "Very Large-Scale Fires", ASTM STP 1336, pp. 20-40 (1998), Eds. N. Alvares, S.J. Grayson and N. Keltner, from ASTM Symposium at ASTM E05 on June 16, 1997, St. Louis, MO, Amer. Soc. Testing & Materials, West Conshohocken, PA.

305)         "Fabric Flammability: Survey of Flame Spread of Modern Fabrics and Comparisons to Study on Smoldering Fabrics", M.M. Hirschler and T. Piansay, Fire and Materials (submitted).

304)         "Repeatability and Reproducibility of Fire Tests for Cigarette Ignition of Upholstered Furniture Composites", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials , (1998).

303)         "Study on Causes of Residential Fire Fatalities Among the Elderly, in the United Kingdom (1982-84)", M.M. Hirschler and S.D. Christian, Business Communications Company Eighth Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, June 2-4, 1997, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp. 366-81, Norwalk, CT, 1997.

302)         "A New Mattress Fire Test for Use In Detention Environments", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company Eighth Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, June 2-4, 1997, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp. 309-22, Norwalk, CT, 1997.

301)         "Use of Fire Hazard Assessment as a Code Compliance Tool", M.M. Hirschler, in "International Meeting on Advances in Fire Safety", Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Spring Mtg, San Francisco, CA, Mar. 16-19, 1997, pp 157-170.

300)         "Comparison of the Propensity of Cigarettes to Ignite Upholstered Furniture Fabrics and Cotton Ducks (500 Fabric Study)", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials 21, 123-41 (1997).

299)         "Analysis of Thermal Performance of Two Fabrics Intended for Use as Protective Clothing", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials 21, 115-21 (1997).

298)         "Heat Release Testing of Stacked Chairs.  Analysis of Repeatability in a Single Laboratory", M.M. Hirschler and Javier O. Treviño, Fire and Materials 21, 85-93 (1997).

297)         "Mathematical Models to Analyse the Effect of Physical Properties of Cigarettes on the Propensity of the Cigarette to Ignite Cellulosic Fabrics", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 21, 33-39 (1997).

296)         "Smoke Obscuration in the Steiner Tunnel Test.  Can it be Predicted?", in Proc. 23rd. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 13-17, pp. 170-82 (1997).

295)         "Testing Techniques Associated with Heat Release: the Cone Calorimeter (and its Applications) and Room/Furniture Scale Tests", in Proc. 23rd. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 13-17, pp. 156-169 (1997).

294)         "Analysis of Cone Calorimeter and Room-Scale Data on Fire Performance of Upholstered Furniture", in Proc. 23rd. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 13-17, pp. 59-78 (1997).

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1996

293)         "Fire Hazard Assessment of Personal Computers in a Home and in a Small Office", M.M. Hirschler, Proprietary Report (August 1996).

292)         "Advantage of Modern Testing Techniques: Case Study to Predict Smoke Obscuration in Steiner Tunnel Fire Test", M.M. Hirschler, in "Tomorrow's Trends in Fire Retardant Regulations, Testing, Applications and Current Technologies", Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Fall Mtg, Naples, FL, Oct. 13-16, 1996, pp. 87-102.

291)         "Pollutant Emissions from Explosives", M.M. Hirschler, Proprietary Report, February 1996.

290)         "Correlation Between Various Fire Tests for Electrical Cables and Their Implications for Fire Hazard Assessment", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Risk & Hazard Assessment Symposium, National Fire Protection Research Foundation, June 27-28, 1996, San Francisco, CA, pp 210-230.

289)        "Fabric Flammability: Survey of Flame Spread of Modern Fabrics", M.M. Hirschler and T. Piansay, Business Communications Company Seventh Annual Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 20-22, 1996, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, pp263-274, Norwalk, CT, 1996.

288)         "Fires and the Elderly. Fatalities During Residential Fires in the UK: 1982-84", M.M. Hirschler and D. Christian, Interflam'96, Cambridge, UK, March 26-28, 1996, pp. 777-91.

287)         "Tests of the Protective Effect of Clothing in Apparel Fires", M.M. Hirschler, D.J. Hoffmann, J.M. Hoffmann, L. Kelley and M. Kroll, J. Fire Sciences 14, 104-23 (1996).

286)         "A Comparative Study of the Fire Performance of Halogenated and Non-Halogenated Materials for Cable Applications.  Part II.  Tests on Cables", M.A. Barnes, P.J. Briggs, M.M. Hirschler, A.F. Matheson, and T.J. O'Neill, Fire and Materials 20, 17-37 (1996).

285)         "A Comparative Study of the Fire Performance of Materials for Cable Applications.  Part I.  Tests on Materials and Insulated Wires", M.A. Barnes, P.J. Briggs, M.M. Hirschler, A.F. Matheson, and T.J. O'Neill, Fire and Materials 20, 1-16 (1996).

284)         "Comparative Analysis of Effectiveness of Fire Retardants Using Heat Release Calorimetry", M.M. Hirschler, Flame Retardants '96, January 17-18, 1996, London, pp. 199-214, Interscience Communications, London, UK, 1996.

283)         "Comparison of Two Fabrics With Potential for Use as Protective Clothing", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 21st. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 10-14, pp. 160-72 (1996).

282)         "Repeatability Study on Heat Release Testing of Stacking Chairs", M.M. Hirschler and J. Treviño, in Proc. 21st. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 10-14, pp. 56-68 (1996).

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1995

281)         "Product Liability and Fire (Or: Who Cares How We Test for Flammability?)", M.M. Hirschler, in Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Newsletter, 22(3), 2-3 (1995).

280)         "Control of solid and gaseous pollutants formed during diesel fuel combustion", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and M.A.M. Stroud, in Trans. Inst. Chemical Engineers 73B, 278-84 (1995).

279)         "Issues Associated with Measurement of Effective Heat of Combustion", M.M. Hirschler, Int. Heat Release Workshop, Nov. 17, 1995, Crystal City, VA.

278)         "Heat Release Testing of Stacking Chairs", M.M. Hirschler and J. Treviño, Fire and Materials, 3rd. Int. Conf. and Exhibition, Crystal City, VA, Nov. 15-16, 1995, pp. 145-154.

277)         "Tests on Plastic Materials for the Wire and Cable Industry Using the Cone Corrosimeter and the Cone Calorimeter", M.M. Hirschler, in "The Electronic Information Age and Its Demands on Fire Safety", Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Fall Mtg, Rancho Mirage, CA, Oct. 29- Nov. 1, 1995, pp. 103-124.

276)         "Comparison of ASTM Standards with International Standards for Buildings and Contents", S.J. Grayson and M.M. Hirschler,, in "Fire Standards in the International Marketplace", ASTM E-5 Symposium, December 5, 1994, Phoenix, AZ, ASTM STP 1163, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, ASTM STP 1163, Philadelphia, PA, Ed. A.F. Grand, pp. 41-60 (1995).

275)         "Survey of American Test Methods Associated With Fire Performance of Materials or Products", M.M. Hirschler, Fifth European Conference on Fire Retardant Polymers, Salford, UK, Sept. 4-7, 1995.

274)         "Fire Calorimetry", Editors: M.M. Hirschler and R.E. Lyon, DOT/FAA/CT-95-46, NTIS, 1995.

273)         "Use of Heat Release Rate Calorimetry in Standards", M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire Calorimetry", Ed. M.M. Hirschler & R.E. Lyon, Fire Calorimetry Symposium, 50th. Calorimetry Conf., July 23-28, 1995, Gaithersburg, MD, pp. 69-80.

272)         "Thermal Decomposition of Polymers", C.L. Beyler and Marcelo M. Hirschler, Chapter 1-7 in SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering (2nd Edn)", Editor-in-chief: P.J. DiNenno, pp. 1.99-1.119, NFPA, Quincy, MA, 1995.

271)         "Toxic Hazards from Computer Health Quiz Device", M.M. Hirschler and J.M. Hoffmann, proprietary report (April 1995).

270)         "Smoke Toxicity.  How Important is it for Fire Safety?", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company Sixth Ann. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 23-25, 1995, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, p. 297-311, Norwalk, CT, 1995.

269)         "Smoke Corrosivity: Technical Issues and Testing", M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire and Polymers II.  Materials and Tests for Hazard Prevention" (Ed. G.L. Nelson), ACS Symposium Series 599, Developed from ACS Symp. in 208th ACS Natl mtg, Aug. 21-25, 1994, Washington, DC, Chapter 34, pp. 553-578, Amer. Chem. Soc. Washington, DC, 1995

268)         "Tools Available to Predict Full Scale Fire Performance of Furniture", M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire and Polymers II.  Materials and Tests for Hazard Prevention" (Ed. G.L. Nelson), ACS Symposium Series 599, Developed from ACS Symp. in 208th ACS Natl mtg, Aug. 21-25, 1994, Washington, DC, Chapter 36, pp. 593-608, Amer. Chem. Soc. Washington, DC, 1995.

267)         "Combustion Products of Vinyl and Other Building Materials", M.M. Hirschler, Vinyl Institute Technical Information Bulletin, 1995.

266)         "Fire and Polyvinyl Chloride", M.M. Hirschler, Vinyl Institute Technical Information Bulletin, 1995.

265)         "Analysis of heat release and other data from a series of plastic materials tested in the cone calorimeter",M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 20th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 9-13, pp. 214-228 (1995).

264)         "Fire Hazard Assessment for Rail Transportation.  Progress to develop an ASTM standard", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 20th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 9-13, pp. 179-188 (1995).

263)         "How to prevent flashover fires due to furnishings or contents of a room", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 20th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 9-13, pp. 39-52 (1995).

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1994

262)         "Supplementary Report on cone calorimeter testing and fire hazard assessment of other polyester materials", J.M. Hoffmann, D.J. Hoffmann and M.M. Hirschler, proprietary report, December 1994.

261)         "ASTM Is Developing A Fire Hazard Assessment Standard For Rail Transportation: What Does This Mean And Why Is It Being Done?", M.M. Hirschler, ASTM Standardization News, pp. 44-49, November 1994.

260)         "Progress at ASTM to develop a fire hazard assessment for fire safety in rail transportation", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 3rd. Int. Conf. and Exhibition, Crystal City, VA, Oct. 27-28, 1994, pp. 129-138.

259)         "Comparison of heat release and other fire-test response data obtained from the cone calorimeter and cone corrosimeter", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 3rd. Int. Conf. and Exhibition, Crystal City, VA, Oct. 27-28, 1994, pp. 111-128.

258)         "Tools Available to Predict Full Scale Fire Performance of Furniture", M.M. Hirschler, Amer. Chem. Soc. Symposium on Fire and Polymers, Aug. 21-23, Ed. G.L. Nelson, Preprints Polym. Mats Science & Engng Div., 71, 97-98, 1994.

257)         "Use of large scale heat release testing to predict flame spread of electrical cables", M.M. Hirschler, at Fourth International Symposium on Fire Safety Science, June 13-17, 1994, Ottawa, Canada.

256)         "Fire safety: Technical and legal issues", M.M. Hirschler, American Red Cross, Cleveland, OH, Business & Industry Council for Emergency Planning & Preparedness Technical Seminar, Cleveland, OH, June 2, 1994.

255)         "Toxicity of the smoke from PVC materials: new concepts", M.M. Hirschler, Progress in Rubber & Plastics Technology, 10-2, 154-69, 1994.

254)         "New International Standard Will Have Major Impact on Japanese Plastics Fire Standards", S.J. Grayson, V. Babrauskas, and M.M. Hirschler, J. Japan Assoc. for Fire Science & Engineering, 44(3), 6-10 (1994).

253)         "Use of the cone calorimeter to determine smoke corrosivity", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company 5th. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 24-26, 1994, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, p. , Norwalk, CT, 1994.

252)         "A new international standard for flammability testing", V. Babrauskas, S.J. Grayson and M.M. Hirschler, Plastics Engineering, L(4), pp. 29-31, 1994.

251)         "Concepts behind ASTM E931-85: Empirical practice for the classification of occupancies for their relative fire hazard to life", M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire and Flammability of Furnishings and Contents of Buildings", ASTM E-5 Symposium, December 7, 1992, Miami, FL, ASTM STP 1233, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, Ed. A.J. Fowell, pp. 32-49 (1994).

250)         "Fire tests and interior furnishings", M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire and Flammability of Furnishings and Contents of Buildings", ASTM E-5 Symposium, December 7, 1992, Miami, FL, ASTM STP 1233, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, Ed. A.J. Fowell, pp. 7-31 (1994).

249)         "Full Scale Furniture Fire Testing: Actual Test Methods and Predictive Tools", M.M. Hirschler, in Fire Safety Advances in High Performance Plastic Products, Proc. Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc. Spring Tech. Mtg, San Antonio, TX, Mar. 13-16, 1994, FRCA, Lancaster, PA, p. 175-89 (1994).

248)         "Comparison of large scale and small scale heat release tests with electrical cables", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 18, 61-76 (1994).

247)         "Application of a transport and decay model for hydrogen chloride to hydrogen chloride generation in the presence of various fluids and surfaces, but without poly(vinyl chloride)", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 18, 31-43 (1994).

246)         "Fire Retardance, Smoke Toxicity and Fire Hazard", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. Flame Retardants '94, British Plastics Federation Editor, Interscience Communications, London, UK, Jan. 26-27, 1994, pp. 225-37 (1994).

245)         "The role of carbon monoxide in the toxicity of fire atmospheres", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 19th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 10-14, pp. 163-84 (1994).

244)         "National and international developments in standards for buildings and contents", S.J. Grayson and M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 19th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 10-14, pp. 75-88 (1994).

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1993

243)         "Discussion of Smoke Corrosivity Test Methods: Analysis of Existing Tests and of Their Results", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 17, 231-47 (1993).

242)         "A set of fire tests on 21 electrical cables in a large and a small scale", M.M. Hirschler, in Customer Demands for Improved Total Performance of Flame Retarded Materials, Proc. Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc. Fall Tech. Mtg, Tucson, AZ, Oct. 26-29, 1993, FRCA, Lancaster, PA, p. 129-48 (1993).

241)         "Large Scale Heat Release Tests with Electrical Cables", Hirschler, M.M., in "1993 Annual Conference on Fire Research: Book of Abstracts", W.J. Duffin, Editor, NISTIR 5280, National Institute Standards & Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, Oct. 18-20, 1993, pp. 49-50.

240)         "Can heat release testing really predict flame spread of electrical cables?", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 2nd. Int. Conf. and Exhibition, Crystal City, VA, Sept. 23-24, 1993, pp. 181-90.

239)         "Survey of fire retardant polypropylene materials commercially available", M.M. Hirschler, proprietary report, July 1993.

238)         "Why not use the cone calorimeter with vertical samples?", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company 4th. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 18-20, 1993, Stamford, CT, Ed. M. Lewin, p. , Norwalk, CT, 1993.

237)         "Analysis of an attachment for use with the National Bureau of Standards smoke density chamber to enable measurements of smoke obscuration to be done at different orientations", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 17, 173-83, 1993.

236)         "Comparison of the smoke toxicity of four vinyl wire and cable compounds using different test methods", M.M. Hirschler and A.F. Grand, Fire and Materials, 17, 79-90, 1993.

235)         "An investigation into the use of heat release calorimetry for testing electrical cables", S.J. Grayson and M.M. Hirschler, 1st Japan Symposium on Heat Release and Fire Hazard, Tsukuba, Japan, 10-11 May, Vol. I, pp. III/45-III/50, Ed. Y. Hasemi, 1993.

234)         "Recent advances in the toxicity of the smoke from PVC materials", M.M. Hirschler, PVC '93, Fifth Int. Conf. on PVC, PVC The Future, The Institute of Materials, Brighton (U.K.), April 27-29, 1993, pp. 430-42.

233)         "Disadvantages of cone testing in the vertical orientation", M.M. Hirschler, 4th. International Heat Release Workshop, Oxford, UK, April 2, 1993.

232)         "Comparison of smoke release data from full scale room tests with results in the cone calorimeter and the NBS smoke chamber", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. Interflam'93, Oxford, UK, March 30-April 1, 1993, pp. 203-212.

231)         "Report on cone calorimeter testing and fire hazard assessment of polyester materials", J.M. Hoffmann, D.J. Hoffmann and M.M. Hirschler, proprietary report, March 1993.

230)         "Carbon Monoxide and the Toxicity of Fire Smoke", M.M. Hirschler, Chapter 9 in "Carbon monoxide and human lethality: Fire and non fire studies", Editor in Chief: M.M. Hirschler, Associate Editors: S.M. Debanne, J.B. Larsen and G.L. Nelson, Elsevier, 1993, pp. 227-249.

229)         "Carbon Monoxide and Human Lethality: Introduction" M.M. Hirschler, Chapter 1, in "Carbon monoxide and human lethality: Fire and non fire studies", Editor in Chief: M.M. Hirschler, Associate Editors: S.M. Debanne, J.B. Larsen and G.L. Nelson, Elsevier, 1993, pp. 1-2.

228)         "Carbon monoxide and human lethality: Fire and non fire studies", Editor in Chief: M.M. Hirschler, Associate Editors: S.M. Debanne, J.B. Larsen and G.L. Nelson, Elsevier, 1993.

227)         "Irritancy of the smoke emitted by wire coating materials (with and without halogens) in the non flaming mode", M.M. Hirschler and D.A. Purser, Fire and Materials, 17, 7-20, 1993.

226)         "Analysis of Test Results from a Variety of Smoke Corrosivity Test Methods", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 18th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 11-15, pp. 360-92 (1993).

225)         "Decay of hydrogen chloride in the presence of various fluids and surfaces", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 18th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 11-15, pp. 72-103 (1993).

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1992

224)         "Activity in the United States on fire and upholstered furniture (and other furnishings)", M.M. Hirschler, in Third European Conference on Furniture Flammability (EUCOFF '92), 24-25 November 1992, Brussels, Belgium, Interscience, London, UK, pp. 41-49.

223)         "Use of the National Bureau of Standards smoke density chamber to measure smoke obscuration at different orientations", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Safety '92 Conference, Polyplastex, Clearwater Beach, FL, November 9-11, 1992, pp. 107-32.

222)         "Fire safety and ASTM standards:  Why have fire standards", M.M. Hirschler, ASTM Standardization News, November 1992, pp. 72-77.

221)         "Analysis of the National Fire Protection Association fire risk assessment framework: Example calculation", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, National Institute of Standards and Technology Annual Conference on Fire Research, October 13-15, 1992, Rockville, MD, pp. 145-46.

220)         "The hydrogen chloride generation and deposition capability in Hazard I", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, Natl Inst. Standards and Technology Hazard I and FPETOOL Users' Conference, October 15-6, Rockville, MD, 1992.

219)         "Testing for corrosivity of smoke in materials and products", S.J. Grayson and M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 1st. Int. Conf. and Exhibition, Crystal City, VA, Sept. 24-25, 1992, pp. 201-12.

218)         "Oxygen Index: correlations to other fire tests", E.D. Weil, M.M. Hirschler, N.G. Patel, M.M. Said and S. Shakir, Fire and Materials, 16, 159-67, 1992.

217)         "Flame spread of bunched cables in a horizontal orientation", private cable coalition report, 135 pages, 19 figures, 25 tables and 300 references, 1992.

216)         "Smoke results from a set of over 100 carpets in the NBS smoke chamber.  Statistical analysis and investigation of affecting factors", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 16(3), 127-33 (1992).

215)         "Electrical cable fire hazard assessment with the cone calorimeter", M.M. Hirschler, ASTM Symposium on Fire Hazard and Fire Risk Assessment", ASTM E-5 Symposium on Fire hazard and fire risk assessment, December 3, 1990, San Antonio, TX, "Fire Hazard and Fire Risk Assessment", ASTM STP 1150, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, Ed. M.M. Hirschler, pp. 44-65 (1992).

214)         "The importance of carbon monoxide in the toxicity of fire atmospheres", S.M. Debanne, M.M. Hirschler and G. L. Nelson, ASTM E-5 Symposium on Fire hazard and fire risk assessment, December 3, 1990, San Antonio, TX, "Fire Hazard and Fire Risk Assessment", ASTM STP 1150, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, Ed. M.M. Hirschler, pp. 9-23 (1992).

213)         "Studies of the effects of phosphorus and its compounds on the combustion of cellulose", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and R.G. Madden, Europ. Polymer J., 28, 493-97 (1992).

212)         "Survey of fire testing of electrical cables", M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials, 16(3), 107-18 (1992).

211)         "Emission of particulate matter during diesel fuel combustion", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and M.A.M. Stroud, 24th. Int. Symp. Combustion, July 1992, Sydney, Australia.

210)         "Carpet tiles and fire performance", M.M. Hirschler, Crosstalk, 40 (7), pp. 1-4 (April) 1992.

209)         "Heat release from plastic materials", M.M. Hirschler, Chapter 12 a, in "Heat Release in Fires", Elsevier, London, UK, Eds. V. Babrauskas and S.J. Grayson, 1992. pp. 375-422.

208)         "The use of a model for hydrogen chloride transport and decay to predict airborne hydrogen chloride concentrations in a full scale room-corridor scenario", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, Fire Safety J. 19, 73-101 (1992).

207)         "Rate of heat release testing for vinyl wire and cable materials with reduced flammability and smoke.  Full scale cable tray tests and small scale tests", A. W. Coaker, M.M. Hirschler and C.L. Shoemaker, Fire Safety J., 19, 19-53 (1992).

206)         "Surface parameters from small scale experiments used for measuring HCl transport and decay in fire atmospheres", F.M. Galloway, M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, Fire and Materials, 15, 181-89 (1992).

205)         "Effect of orientation on the smoke emitted by materials in the NBS smoke density chamber", M.M. Hirschler, Business Communications Company 3rd. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 19-21, 1991, Stamford, CT, Eds. M. Lewin, p. 320-27, Norwalk, CT, 1992.

204)         "Forum Comments on 'A Method to determine the potential toxicity of smoke from burning polymers: III.  Comparison of synthetic polymers to Douglas fir using the UPITT II flaming combustion/toxicity of smoke apparatus by D.J. Caldwell and Y. Alarie'", M.M. Hirschler, J. Fire Sciences, 10, 97-101, 1992.

203)         "Smoke toxicity of vinyl wire and cable compounds", M.M. Hirschler and A.F. Grand, in "Technical and Marketing Issues Impacting the Fire Safety of Building and Construction and Home Furnishings Applications", Proc. Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc. Spring Tech. Mtg, Orlando, Fl, Mar. 29-Apr.1, 1992, FRCA, Lancaster, PA, p. 149-65 (1992).

202)         "ASTM E5 activities related to contents and furnishings", M.M. Hirschler, NFPA Symposium on Contents and Furnishings, February 19-20, 1992, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD.

201)         "Comparison of the cone calorimeter and the Ohio State University rate of heat release calorimeter, as instruments to measure fire performance of plastics", M.M. Hirschler, in 3rd. Int. Workshop on Heat Release, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, Jan. 24, 1992.

200)         "Measurements of cable fire properties by using heat release equipment", M.M. Hirschler and S. Shakir, Flame Retardants '92, Plastics and Rubber Institute Fire Retardants Tech. Mtg, Jan. 22-23, 1992, Elsevier, London, UK, pp. 77-99.

199)         "Smoke and heat release and ignitability as measures of fire hazard from burning of carpet tiles", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Safety J. 18, 305-24 (1992).

198)         "What does oxygen index correlate to?", E.D. Weil, M.M. Hirschler, N. Patel, M. Said and S. Shakir, in Proc. 17th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 13-17, pp. 353-77 (1992).

197)         "Statistical analysis of the smoke released by a set of over 100 carpets in the NBS smoke density chamber", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 17th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 13-17, pp. 264-75 (1992).

196)         "Assessment of the irritancy of smoke (non flaming mode) from wire coating materials", M.M. Hirschler and D.A. Purser, in Proc. 17th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 13-17, pp. 70-97 (1992).

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1991

195)         "Testing of electrical cables using full scale and small scale test methods", M.M. Hirschler, in Fire Safety in Electrical and Electronic Applications and Composites, Proc. Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc. Fall Tech. Mtg, San Diego, CA, Oct. 20-23, 1991, FRCA, Lancaster, PA, p. 167-94 (1991).

194)         "Smoke toxicity and toxic hazard", at IEEE T&D Conference Panel on Flammability Issues for Wire and Cable, Dallas, TX, Sept. 27, 1991.

193)         "PVC in fires", Ohio Arson School, Columbus, OH, August 5, 1991.

192)         "A critical evaluation of the proposed NIBS toxicity test", F.B. Clarke and M.M. Hirschler, J. Fire Sciences, 9, 406-23 (1991).

191)         "Investigation of a smoke toxicity fire model for use on wood", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, in Fire Safety Science, Proc. Third Int. Symp. on Fire Safety Science, July 8-12, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, pp. 615-24, Eds. G. Cox and B. Langford, Elsevier, London, 1991.

190)         "The measurement of smoke in rate of heat release equipment in a manner related to fire hazard", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Safety J., 17, 239-258 (1991).

189)         "Investigation of a radiant furnace smoke toxicity test apparatus", M.M. Hirschler and S. Shakir, Business Communications Company 2nd. Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 14-16, 1991, Stamford, CT, Eds. G.S. Kirshenbaum and M. Lewin, p. 323-34, Norwalk, CT, 1991.

188)         "Comparison of the fire performance of various upholstered furniture composite combinations (fabric/foam) in two rate of heat release calorimeters: cone and Ohio State University instruments", M.M. Hirschler and S. Shakir, J. Fire Sciences, 9, 222-248 (1991).

187)         "Experiments for hydrogen chloride transport and decay in a simulated heating, ventilating and air conditioning system and comparison of the results with predictions from a theoretical model", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, J. Fire Sciences, 9, 259-75 (1991).

186)         "Smoke toxicity measurements made so that the results can be used for improved fire safety", M.M. Hirschler, J. Fire Sciences, 9, 330-47 (1991).

185)         "How to measure smoke obscuration in a manner relevant to fire hazard assessment: Use of heat release calorimetry test equipment", M.M. Hirschler, J. Fire Sciences, 9, 183-222 (1991).

184)         "Heat release from plastics materials", M.M. Hirschler, 2nd. Int. Symp. Heat Release and Fire Hazard, Brussels, Belgium, Feb. 27-28, 1991, Interscience, London, UK, and also at 1st US Symposium on Heat Release and Fire Hazard, San Diego, CA, December 12-13, 1991.

183)         "Studies on the effects of phosphorus-nitrogen-bromine systems on the combustion of some thermoplastic polymers", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and Q.M. Tao, Eur. Polymer J. 27, 281-89 (1991).

182)         "Measurement of smoke toxicity in a manner appropriate to fire hazard assessment", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 16th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 14-17, p. 354-69 (1991).

181)         "Fire performance of fabric/foam combinations as upholstered furniture composites in rate of heat release equipment (cone and Ohio State University calorimeters)", M.M. Hirschler and S. Shakir, in Proc. 16th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 14-17, pp. 239-258 (1991).

180)         "Hydrogen chloride transport and decay in a simulated heating, ventilating and air conditioning system", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 16th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 14-17, pp. 40-53 (1991).

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1990

179)         "Update on smoke corrosivity", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 39th. Int. Wire & Cable Symp., US Army Communications-Electronics Command (CECOM), Fort Monmouth NJ, Ed. E.F. Godwin, Reno, NV, Nov. 13-15, 1990, p. 661-72.

178)         "Flammability testing of new vinyl compounds with low flammability and low smoke release in cables", A.W. Coaker, M.M. Hirschler, S. Shakir and C.L. Shoemaker, in Proc. 39th. Int. Wire & Cable Symp., US Army Communications -Electronics Command (CECOM), Fort Monmouth NJ, Ed. E.F. Godwin, Reno, NV, Nov. 13-15, 1990, p. 643-54.

177)         "Effect of burning conditions on the toxicity of wood in a radiant apparatus", M.M. Hirschler, Poster # 20, at National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Fire Research Annual Conf. Fire Research, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, Oct 29-31 (1990).

176)         "Key to smoke obscuration measurements relevant to fire hazard: Heat release calorimetry test equipment", M.M. Hirschler, in Fire Safety Developments and Testing: Toxicity, Heat Release, Product Development and Smoke Corrosivity, Proc. Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc. Fall Tech. Mtg, Pontevedra Beach, FL, Oct. 21-24, 1990, FRCA, Lancaster, PA, p. 127-155 (1990).

175)         "Testing of fabric/foam combinations using the cone and OSU rate of heat release calorimeters", M.M. Hirschler, 3rd. Int. Cone Calorimeter Workshop, Canterbury, UK, Sept. 6-7, 1990.

174)         "Small scale experiments for measuring HCl decay in fire atmospheres", F.M. Galloway, M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, in Proc. Interflam'90, Ed. C.A. Franks, Sept. 3-6, 1990, Canterbury, UK, Interscience, London, UK, p. 127-143 (1990).

173)         "Measurement of smoke toxicity in a realistic manner", M.M. Hirschler, Coordinating Committee on Fire Safety, Society of the Plastics Industry, Kingsmill, VA, Aug. 15-17, 1990.

172)         "Vinyl thermoplastic elastomer alloys: Fire performance materials for use in telecommunications cables", M.M. Hirschler, Intern. Communications Assoc. "Solving the Wiring and Cabling Dilemma Workshop", July 19-20, 1990, Chicago, IL.

171)         "The role of convective mass transfer in HCl decay for fire driven flows", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, AIAA/ASME Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conf., June 18-20, 1990, Seattle, WA, Heat and Mass Transfer in Fires, Eds J.G. Quintiere and L.Y. Cooper, Amer. Soc. Mechan. Engin., New York, NY, HTD Vol. 141, 109-116 (1990).

170)         "Fire hazard in a room due to a fire starting in a plenum: Effect of poly(vinyl chloride) wire coating", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire and Polymers: Hazards Identification and Prevention" (Ed. G.L. Nelson), ACS Symposium Series 425, Developed from Symp. at 197th. ACS Mtg, Dallas, TX. April 9-14, 1989, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington, DC, Chapter 34, p. 592-611 (1990).

169)         "Heat release equipment to measure smoke", M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire and Polymers: Hazards Identification and Prevention" (Ed. G.L. Nelson), ACS Symposium Series 425, Developed from Symp. at 197th. ACS Mtg, Dallas, TX. April 9-14, 1989, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington, DC, Chapter 31, p. 520-541 (1990).

168)         "General principles of fire hazard and the role of smoke toxicity", M.M. Hirschler, in "Fire and Polymers: Hazards Identification and Prevention" (Ed. G.L. Nelson), ACS Symposium Series 425, Developed from Symp. at 197th. ACS Mtg, Dallas, TX. April 9-14, 1989, Amer. Chem. Soc., Washington, DC, Chapter 28, p. 462-478 (1990).

167)         "Fire performance of poly(vinyl chloride) products", M.M. Hirschler and S. Shakir, Business Communications Company Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 15-17, 1990, Stamford, CT, Eds. G.S. Kirshenbaum and M. Lewin, p. 227-234, Norwalk, CT, 1990.

166)         "Smoke in fires: obscuration and toxicity", M.M. Hirschler, Plenary Lecture, Business Communications Company Conference on Recent Advances in Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, May 15-17, 1990, Stamford, CT, Eds. G.S. Kirshenbaum and M. Lewin, p. 70-82, Norwalk, CT, 1990.

165)         "New low fire hazard vinyl wire and cable compounds", A.W. Coaker and M.M. Hirschler, Fire Safety J. 16, 171-196 (1990).

164)         "A simple model for estimating emissions of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons from the combustion of coal", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Atmos. Environ. 24A, 1153-60 (1990).

163)         "New vinyl compounds and vinyl alloys for wire and cable applications with enhanced fire performance characteristics", A.W. Coaker, M.M. Hirschler and C.L. Shoemaker, PVC '90, Fourth Int. Conf. on PVC Processing, Brighton (U.K.), April 24-26, 1990, British Plastics Federation, pp. 6/1-6/18.

162)         "Performance testing for the corrosivity of smoke", J.D. Ryan, V. Babrauskas, T.J. O'Neill and M.M. Hirschler, in ASTM E-5 Symposium on Smoke, Dec. 3, 1988, Phoenix (AZ), "Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke", ASTM STP 1082, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, Ed. H.J. Hasegawa, pp. 75-88, (1990).

161)         "The toxicity of hydrogen chloride and of the smoke generated by poly(vinyl chloride), including effects on various animal species, and the implications for fire safety", R.K. Hinderer and M.M. Hirschler, in ASTM E-5 Symposium on Smoke, Dec. 3, 1988, Phoenix (AZ), "Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke", ASTM STP 1082, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA, Ed. H.J. Hasegawa, pp. 1-22, (1990).

160)         "The use of metal chelates as flame retardants and photostabilizers for polypropylene", C.F. Cullis, A.M.M. Gad and M.M. Hirschler Eur. Polymer J. 26, 919-28 (1990).

159)         "Rate of heat release testing of cables in small scale (cone calorimeter) and large scale (cable trays)", M.M. Hirschler, First US Cone Calorimeter Workshop, New Orleans, LA, March 28, 1990.

158)         "Fire performance of a new family of vinyl thermoplastic elastomer alloys for plenum cable use", A.W. Coaker, M.M. Hirschler and C.L. Shoemaker, in Proc. 2nd. Int. Conf. on Electrical and Electronic Materials, Ed. C.J. Hilado, San Francisco, CA, Feb. 26-28, 1990, p. 113-126.

157)         "Rate of heat release testing of vinyl power cables: Full scale cable tray tests and small scale tests", A.W. Coaker, M.M. Hirschler and C.L. Shoemaker, in Proc. 2nd. Int. Conf. on Electrical and Electronic Materials, Ed. C.J. Hilado, San Francisco, CA, Feb. 26-28, 1990, Ed. C.J. Hilado, p. 58-84.

156)         "Classification of fire tests of interest to plastics", M.M. Hirschler, Coordinating Committee on Fire Safety, Society of the Plastics Industry, Scottsdale, AZ, Feb. 5-7, 1990.

155)         "Transport and decay of hydrogen chloride: Use of a model to predict hydrogen chloride concentrations in fires involving a room-corridor-room arrangement", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, Fire Safety J., 16, 33-52 (1990).

154)         "Flammability of sets of fabric/foam combinations for use in upholstered furniture", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, Fire Safety J. 16, 13-31 (1990).

153)         "Mechanisms of action of some sulphates as flame retardants for cellulose", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and M.A.A.M. Khattab, Eur. Polymer J., 26, 207-13 (1990).

152)         "Measurement of smoke obscuration with rate of heat release equipment", M.M. Hirschler, 2nd. Int. Cone Calorimeter Workshop, London, UK, Jan. 19, 1990.

151)         "General principles of fire hazard and the influence of smoke toxicity", M.M. Hirschler, in 15th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 8-12 (1990).

150)         "Rate of heat release testing for vinyl wire and cable materials with reduced flammability and smoke: small scale and full scale tests", A.W. Coaker, M.M. Hirschler and C.L. Shoemaker, in Proc. 15th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 8-12, pp. 220-256 (1990).

149)         "The use of a model for hydrogen chloride transport and decay to predict airborne hydrogen chloride concentrations in a full-scale room-corridor scenario", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 15th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 8-12, pp. 46-85 (1990).

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1989

148)         "Latex backcoatings on polypropylene carpets: fire performance testing", M.M. Hirschler and R.A. Poletti, J. Coated Fabrics, 19, 94-111 (1989).

147)         "An evaluation of the performance properties of poly(vinyl chloride) wire and cable compounds for severe service applications", A.W. Coaker, C. Tomanek and M.M. Hirschler, Interwire '89, 59th. Annual Convention, Wire Association International, Atlanta, GA, p. 323-345, Oct. 29-31, 1989.

146)         "New fire-retarded reduced-smoke vinyl compounds.  Part III: New cable compounds based on vinyl thermoplastic elastomers", A.W. Coaker, M.M. Hirschler and C.L Shoemaker, Interwire '89, 59th. Annual Convention, Wire Association International, Atlanta, GA, Oct. 29-31, 1989.

145)         "New fire-retarded reduced-smoke vinyl compounds.  Part II: Cable tests.  Small scale and cable tray tests", A.W. Coaker, M.M. Hirschler and C.L Shoemaker, Interwire '89, 59th. Annual Convention, Wire Association International, Atlanta, GA, Oct. 29-31, 1989.

144)         "New fire-retarded reduced-smoke vinyl compounds.  Part I: Laboratory test results", A.W. Coaker, M.M. Hirschler and C.L Shoemaker, Interwire '89, 59th. Annual Convention, Wire Association International, Atlanta, GA, Oct. 29-31, 1989.

143)         "Effect of latex backcoatings on the fire performance of carpets", M.M. Hirschler and R.A. Poletti, in "Fire Safety Problems Leading to Current Needs and Future Opportunities, Proc. Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc. Fall Tech. Mtg., Oct. 15-18, 1989, Scottsdale, TX, pp. 133-150 (1989).

142)         "Smoke and heat release following the burning of carpet tiles", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. Int. Conf. on Fires in Buildings, Toronto, Canada, Sept. 25-26 1989, Technomic, Lancaster, PA, p. 57-76 (1989).

141)         "Carbon monoxide in fire and non-fire fatalities and its implications to smoke toxicity testing and fire hazard assessment", M.M. Hirschler, Coordinating Committee on Fire Safety, Society of the Plastics Industry, Easton, MD, Aug. 16-18, 1989.

140)         "Comparison between properties of poly(vinyl chloride) and cross-linked polyethylene cable compounds", M.M. Hirschler, ASTM D-9 Symposium on Fire Risk Assessment and Fire Safety, as related to Electronics and Electrical Insulation Systems", Salt Lake City, UT, July 12, 1989.

139)         "Classification of tests for measuring smoke obscuration", ASTM E-5 Research Review, June 20, 1989, Hilton Head, SC.

138)         "The hazards of PVC.  Response to "The Controversial Hazards of PVC", by J. Rayner", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Prevention, 220, June, 17-18 (1989).

137)         "Evaluation of smoke toxic potency test methods: comparison of the NBS cup furnace, the radiant furnace and the UPITT tests", H.L. Kaplan, W.G. Switzer, M.M. Hirschler and A.W. Coaker, J. Fire Sci., 7, 195-213 (1989).

136)         "Large scale fire testing of chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) sprinkler pipe", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, in "Fire Retardant engineering Polymers and Alloys, Proc. Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc. Spring Tech. Mtg.", March 12-15, 1989, San Antonio, TX, p. 225-37 (1989).

135)         "Man's emission of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons into the atmosphere", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Atmos. Environ. 23, 1195-1203 (1989).

134)         "Corrosive effects of smoke on metal surfaces", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, Fire Safety J., 15, 57-93 (1989).

133)         "The hazards of PVC.  Response to "A second view, by A. Bresle", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Prevention, 217, March, 21-23 (1989).

132)         "Corrosivity of smoke towards metals", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, J. Vinyl Technology 11, 62-70 (1989).

131)         "Update on the smoke toxicity of vinyl compounds", R.K. Hinderer and M.M. Hirschler, J. Vinyl Technology, 11, 50-58 (1989).

130)         "Model for the generation of hydrogen chloride from the combustion of poly(vinyl chloride) under conditions of forcefully minimised decay", F.M. Galloway, M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, Eur. Polymer J., 25, 149-58 (1989).

129)         "A model for the spontaneous removal of airborne hydrogen chloride by common surfaces", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, Fire Safety Journal 14, 251-68 (1989).

128)         "Usefulness of rate of heat release equipment in fire testing", M.M. Hirschler, Coordinating Committee for Fire Safety, Society of the Plastics Industry, Feb. 6-8, 1989, San Antonio, TX.

127)         "Application of a model for transport and decay of hydrogen chloride from burning poly(vinyl chloride) to room-corridor-room experiments", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 14th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Jan. 9-13 (Ed. C.J. Hilado), pp.287-303 (1989).

126)         "Flammability of vinyl/foam systems for upholstered furniture", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, in Proc. 14th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Ed. C.J. Hilado, Jan. 9-13 (Ed. C.J. Hilado), pp. 68-82 (1989).

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1988

125)         "Naval cables: Cone calorimeter rate of heat release fire performance study", M.M. Hirschler, G.F. Smith, S. Shakir, B.L. Cross and D.T. Popovich, Report to U.S. Navy David Taylor Research Center, RFQ#2843/881GU9 (November 1988).

124)         "Small scale fire testing: rate of heat release", M.M. Hirschler, NFPA Research Section Symposium, Nashville, TN, Nov. 13-15, 1988.

123)         "Fire hazard assessment, fire testing, and fire performance of poly(vinyl chloride)", M.M. Hirschler, Rohm & Haas Research Review, November 4, 1988, Bristol, PA.

122)         "The measurement of smoke in rate of heat release equipment in a manner related to fire hazard", M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. Int. Conf. "Fire: Control the Heat ... Reduce the Hazard", 23-25 Oct. 1988, London, UK, Fire Research Station, Borehamwood, p. 9/1-17 (1988).

121)         "Procedures for testing electrical cables with rate of heat release equipment", M.M. Hirschler, First Int. Cone Calorimeter Users' Meeting, British Plastics Federation, London, UK, October 20, 1988.

120)         "Corrosivity of smoke towards metals", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, SPE RETEC "Vinyl - A material for the Future", September 15-16, 1988, Montreal (Canada), p. 361-83.

119)         "Update on smoke toxicity of vinyl compounds", R.K. Hinderer and M.M. Hirschler, SPE RETEC "Vinyl - A material for the Future", September 15-16, 1988, Montreal (Canada), p.337-58.

118)         "Update on smoke obscuration", Coordinating Committee on Fire Safety, Society of the Plastics Industry, August 17-19, 1988, Wintergreen, VA.

117)         "Fire performance of poly(vinyl chloride) and its relation to fire hazard", M.M. Hirschler, in 1988 Prague Meetings on Macromolecules, 31st Microsymposium on Macromolecules: "Poly(vinyl Chloride)", 18-21 July 1988, Prague (CZ), Makromol. Chem., Macromol. Symp. 29, 133-53 (1989).

116)         "Fire safety and poly(vinyl chloride)", Thirty Second Annual May Conference, Society Applied Spectroscopy and American Chemical Society, Cleveland Section, May 24, 1988, Cleveland, OH.

115)         "Model for hydrogen chloride decay in fires", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, Amer. Chem. Soc., Middle Atlantic Regional Meeting (MARM '88), May 24-26, 1988, Lancaster (PA, U.S.A.).

114)         "First order evaluation of fire hazard in a room due to the burning of poly(vinyl chloride) products in a plenum: estimation of the time required to establish an untenable atmosphere", M.M. Hirschler, J. Fire Sci. 6, 100-120 (1988).

113)         "End use testing for the corrosivity of smoke", J.D. Ryan, T.J. O'Neill and M.M. Hirschler, in "Dynamics of Current Developments in Fire Safety of Polymers", Fire Retardant Chemicals Assoc. Spring Tech. Mtg., Grenelefe, FL, March 20-23, 1988, p. 150-68.

112)         "A comparative study of test methods used to determine the toxic potency of PVC smoke", W.G. Switzer, H.L. Kaplan and M.M. Hirschler, Soc. Toxicol. 1988, 27th. Ann. Mtg., Poster # 572, The Toxicologist 8 (1) 144 (1988).

111)         "Limitations of the UPITT method for the screening of materials for the toxic potency of smoke", H.L. Kaplan, M.M. Hirschler and W.G. Switzer, Soc. Toxicol. 1988, 27th. Ann. Mtg., Poster # 574, The Toxicologist 8 (1) 144 (1988).

110)         "Fire properties of polyvinyl chloride", M.M. Hirschler, Vinyl Institute Technical Information Bulletin, 1988.

109)         "The combustion of cigarette paper", P.J. Baldry, C.F. Cullis, D. Goring and M.M. Hirschler, Fire and Materials 12, 25-33 (1988).

108)         "Fire performance of standard and advanced vinyl wire and cable compounds", M.M. Hirschler, at Defense Fire Protection Association Winter Meeting, Arlington, VA, February 23-24, 1988.

107)         "A comparative study of test methods used to determine the toxic potency of smoke", H.L. Kaplan, M.M. Hirschler, W.G. Switzer and A.W. Coaker, in Proc. 13th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Jan. 11-15 (Ed. C.J. Hilado), pp. 279-297, 1988.

106)         "Fire characteristics of standard and advanced PVC wire and cable compounds", A.W. Coaker and M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 13th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Jan. 11-15 (Ed. C.J. Hilado), pp. 397-416, 1988.

105)         "Generation of hydrogen chloride under forced conditions of minimal decay for modelling purposes", F.M. Galloway, M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, in Proc. 13th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Jan. 11-15 (Ed. C.J. Hilado), pp. 81-102, 1988.

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1987

104)         "Discussion on fire and halogen-free cables", M.M. Hirschler, in "Proc. Polymers in a Marine Environment, 2nd. Int. Conf.", Oct. 14-16, 1987, Ed. D. Goring, Inst. Marine Engineers, London, p. 118-119 (1989).

103)         "Fire hazard and toxic potency of the smoke from burning materials", M.M. Hirschler, J. Fire Sciences, 5, 289-307 (1987).

102)         "Corrosive effects of smoke on metal surfaces", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, Int. Conf. on "Corrosive Effects of Combustion Products", October 13-14, London (U.K.), 1987.

101)         "How hazardous is PVC?", M.M. Hirschler, Fire Prevention, 204, 19-27 (1987).

100)         "The combined effect of sulphur and nitrogen compounds on alkane combustion", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and S.W. Wall, 21st. Symp. (Int.) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1987, p. 1223-1230.

99)         "Use of the NBS cone calorimeter as a means of measuring fire properties of polymeric materials", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern Section Combustion Institute, 1987 Fall Tech. Mtg, Combined with NBS Ann. Conf. Fire Research, Nov. 2-5, p. 63/1-4, 1987.

98)           "Kinetic modelling of generation and decay of hydrogen chloride from burning PVC", W.F. Carroll, M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, in "PVC: The Issues", SPE RETEC, Atlantic City (NJ, U.S.A.), September 16-17, pp. 76-85, 1987.

97)           "Determination of fire properties of products by rate of heat release calorimetry: use of the National Bureau of Standards Cone and Ohio State University instruments", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, Fire Retardant Chemicals Association Fall Tech. Mtg, Monterey (CA, U.S.A.), Oct. 19-21, 1987, p. 133-146.

96)           "Combustibility of polymers", M.M. Hirschler, Gordon Research Conference on Analytical Pyrolysis, July 6-10, Plymouth (NH, U.S.A.), 1987.

95)           "Flammability and combustion toxicity parameters of PVC in perspective", M.M. Hirschler, PVC '87, Third Int. Conf. on PVC Processing, Brighton (U.K.), April 28-30, 1987, British Plastics Federation, pp. 38/1-38/10.

94)           "The pyrolysis and combustion of cigarette constituents", P.J. Baldry, C.F. Cullis, D. Goring and M.M. Hirschler, Proc. Int. Conf. on "Physical and Chemical Processes Occurring in a Burning Cigarette", R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., Winston-Salem, April 26-29, pp. 280-301, 1987.

93)           "Model for the mass transfer and decay of hydrogen chloride in a fire scenario", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, in ASTM E-5 Symposium on Mathematical modeling of fires and related fire test methods, December 8, 1986, New Orleans, LA, "Mathematical Modeling of Fires", ASTM STP 983, Amer. Soc. Testing and Materials, J.R. Mehaffey, pp. 35-57 (1987).

92)           "Further chlorination of poly(vinyl chloride): effects of flammability and smoke production tendency", L.A. Chandler and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J., 23, 677-83 (1987).

91)           "Hydrogen chloride release from poly(vinyl chloride): model for its decay", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J., 23, 667 (1987).

90)           "Combustion gases of various building materials", M.M. Hirschler, Vinyl Institute Technical Information Bulletin, April 1987.

89)           "Hydrogen chloride transport and decay in a large apparatus: II. Variables affecting hydrogen chloride decay", J.J. Beitel, C.A. Bertelo, W.F. Carroll, A.F. Grand, M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, J. Fire Sciences, 5, 105-45 (1987).

88)           "A heated tube furnace test for the emission of acid gas from PVC wire coating materials: effects of experimental procedures and mechanistic considerations", L.A. Chandler, M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, Europ. Polymer J., 23, 51-61 (1987).

87)           "Flammability and smoke characteristics of chlorinated poly(vinyl chloride) compounds",L.A. Chandler and M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 12th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Jan. 12-16 (Ed. C.J. Hilado), pp. 124-43, 1987.

86)           "Generalized model for hydrogen chloride transport and decay", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. 12th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Jan. 12-16 (Ed. C.J. Hilado), pp. 124-43, 1987.

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1986

85)           "Variables affecting decay of hydrogen chloride after a fire", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern Section Combustion Institute, 1986 Fall Tech.. Mtg, San Juan (Puerto Rico), p. 40/1-4, Dec. 15-17, 1986.

84)           "Hydrogen chloride decay in fire atmospheres", F.M. Galloway and M.M. Hirschler, National Bureau of Standards Center for Fire Research Technical Seminar, October 15, 1986.

83)           "Fires of the Eighties - Are They Different", M.M. Hirschler, Vinyl Institute Technical Information Bulletin, September 1986.

82)           "Global man-made emissions of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons", C.K.J. Cheng, C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Seventh World Clean Air Congress, August 25-29, pp. 323-9, Int. Union Air Pollution Prevention Assocns, Sydney (Australia), 1986.

81)           "Hydrogen chloride generation and decay from the thermal decomposition of poly(vinyl chloride) wire insulation", C.A. Bertelo, W.F. Carroll, M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, in Proc. 11th. Int. Conf. on Fire Safety, Product Safety Corp., San Francisco (CA, U.S.A.), Jan. 13-17 (Ed. C.J. Hilado), pp. 192-204, 1986.

80)           "Soot from fires. III. Soot suppression", M.M. Hirschler, J. Fire Sciences, 4, 42-72 (1986)

79)           "The effect of red phosphorus on the flammability and smoke-producing tendency of poly(vinyl chloride) and polystyrene", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and Q.M. Tao, Europ. Polymer J., 22, 161-7 (1986).

78)           "Thermal decomposition (STA and DSC) of poly (vinyl chloride) compounds under a variety of atmospheres and heating rates", M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J., 22, 153-60 (1986).

77)           "Hydrogen chloride transport and decay in a large apparatus. I. Decomposition of poly(vinyl chloride) wire insulation in a plenum by current overload", J.J. Beitel, C.A. Bertelo, W.F. Carroll, R.A. Gardner, A.F. Grand, M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, J. Fire Sciences, 4, 15-41 (1986).

76)           "Thermal decomposition of poly(vinyl chloride).  Kinetics of generation and decay of hydrogen chloride in large and small systems and the effect of humidity", C.A. Bertelo, W.F. Carroll, M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, in Fire Safety Science, Proc. First Int. Symp. on Fire Safety Science, Oct. 7-11, Gaithersburg (MD, U.S.A.), Eds. C.E. Grant and P.J. Pagni, pp. 1079-88, Hemisphere, Washington, 1986.

75)           "Halogen-free flame-retardant thermoplastic polyurethanes", D.R. Hall, M.M. Hirschler and C.M. Yavornitzky, in Fire Safety Science, Proc. First Int. Symp. on Fire Safety Science, Oct. 7-11, Gaithersburg (MD, U.S.A.), Eds. C.E. Grant and P.J. Pagni, pp. 421-30, Hemisphere, Washington, 1986.

1985

74)           "Organosilicon compounds as antiknock additives", C.F. Cullis, D. Herron and M.M. Hirschler, Combust. Flame, 59, 151-65 (1985).

73)           "Soot from fires. II. Mechanisms of carbon formation", M.M. Hirschler, J. Fire Sciences, 3, 380-414 (1985).

72)           "Soot from fires. I. Properties and methods of investigation", M.M. Hirschler, J. Fire Sciences, 3, 343-74 (1985).

71)           "Hazards in a house fire: example of a chair", M.M. Hirschler and G.F. Smith, Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern Section Combustion Institute, 1985 Fall Tech.. Mtg, Philadelphia (PA, U.S.A.), p. 59/1-4, Nov. 4-6, 1985.

70)           "Update on vinyl flammability, smoke and toxicity issues", M.M. Hirschler, Eighth Vinyl Formulators Tech. Seminar, Sept. 24-27, Bolton Landing (NY, U.S.A.), 1985.

69)           "Efficiency of Metal-Containing Compounds in the Flame Retardance and Smoke Suppression of Polymers", M.M. Hirschler, Am. Chem. Soc., Central Regional Meeting, paper 133, p. 54, June 5-7, Akron, (OH, U.S.A.) 1985.

68)           "The effects of red phosphorus on the flammability and smoke-forming tendency of organic polymers", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and Q.M. Tao, Ninth Europ. Conf. Flammability and Fire Retardants, Alena Enterprises of Canada, Bad Hofgastein (Austria), May 9-10, 1985.

67)           "Simultaneous thermal analysis of PVC compounds", M.M. Hirschler, Ninth Europ. Conf. Flammability and Fire Retardants, Alena Enterprises of Canada, Bad Hofgastein (Austria), May 9-10, 1985.

 

66)           "Effects of magnesium oxide/hydroxide on flammability and smoke production tendency of polystyrene", M.M. Hirschler and T.R. Thevaranjan, Europ. Polymer J., 21, 371-5 (1985).

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1984

65)           "Diesels: Increased air pollution vs. energetic and economic advantages", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Eighth Int. Clean Air Conf., Clean Air Society of Australia and New Zealand, Melbourne (Australia), May 1984.

64)           "Environmental implications of energy strategies (Transportation) Chapters 1-8", M.M. Hirschler (Editor), O.E.C.D., Paris, 1984.

63)           "Environmental implications of energy strategies (Transportation) Chapter 6: Two-stroke engines", M.M. Hirschler, O.E.C.D., Paris, 1984.

62)           "Environmental implications of energy strategies (Transportation) Chapter 5: Diesel engines and Fuels", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, O.E.C.D., Paris, 1984.

61)           "The combustion of deuterium-labelled decane", D. Herron and M.M. Hirschler, Oxidation Communications, 7, 321-32 (1984).

60)           "A novel engine-free dilution tunnel for the collection of particulate matter formed during combustion", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and M.A.M. Stroud, J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum., 17, 317-22, (1984).

59)           "Carbon monoxide from cigarette paper combustion", M.M. Hirschler and Y.R. Shashoua, Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion, Eastern Section Combustion Inst., 1984 Fall Tech. Mtg, Clearwater Beach (FL, U.S.), p. 104/1-4, Dec. 3-5 1984.

58)           "The role of diffusion in the rapid combustion of cellulose", M.M. Hirschler and R.P. Townsend, Proc. Royal Soc. (London), A 396, 119-30 (1984).

57)           "Red phosphorus as a flame retardant for a thermoplastic nitrogen-containing polymer", J.R.A. Broadbent and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J. 20, 1087-93 (1984).

56)           "Combinations of titanium (IV) oxide, iron (III) oxide and molybdenum (VI) oxide as flame retardants and smoke suppressants for thermoplastic polymers", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and T.R. Thevaranjan, Europ. Polymer J. 20, 841-7 (1984).

55)           "Metal chelates as flame retardants and smoke suppressants for thermoplastic polymers", C.F. Cullis, A.M.M. Gad and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J., 20, 707-11 (1984).

54)           "Heat transfer from fires", M.M. Hirschler, Report for BFGoodrich Chemical Co., July 1984.

53)           "Combustion of cigarette paper under conditions similar to those during smoking", C.F. Cullis, D. Goring and M.M. Hirschler, Cellucon '84 (Macro Group U.K.), Wrexham (Wales), Chapter 35, pp. 401-10, July 16-20, Ellis Horwood, Chichester, 1984.

52)           "The flame-retardant and smoke-suppressant activity of molybdenum (VI) oxide and other metal oxides", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and T.R. Thevaranjan, Eighth Europ. Conf. on Flammability and Fire Retardants, Alena Enterprises of Canada, Amsterdam (Holland), June 8-9, 1984.

51)           "The flame retardance of a natural polymer by a sulphur-aluminium-bromine system", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and M.A.A.M. Khattab, Europ. Polymer J. 20, 559-62 (1984).

50)           "Effect of dispersing and binding agents on the flammability of, and smoke production from, thermoplastic polymers", J.D. Donaldson, J. Donbavand and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J., 20, 323-7 (1984).

49)           "Degradation of polystyrene in the presence of magnesium compounds", M.M. Hirschler and T.R. Thevaranjan, Pre-prints, Polymer Div., Amer. Chem. Soc., 189th. Ann. Mtg., pp 91-2 (1984).

48)           "Reduction of smoke formation from and of flammability of thermoplastic polymers by metal oxides", M.M. Hirschler, Polymer 25, 405-11 (1984).

47)           "Char formation from polyolefins: correlations with low-temperature oxygen uptake and with flammability in the presence of metal-halogen systems", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J. 20, 53-60 (1984).

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1983

46)           "The effects on alkane combustion of added sulphur compounds", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler, G.O.G. Okorodudu and H.A.G. Okuns, Combust. Flame 54, 209-24 (1983).

45)           "Effects of organic sulphur compounds on the ignition of unleaded and leaded hydrocarbon fuels", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and G.O.G. Okorodudu, 19th. Symp. (Int.) on Combustion, pp. 1475-86, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1983.

44)           "A novel dilution tunnel-flame burner system for studying the effects of automotive diesel fuels on air quality", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and M.A.M. Stroud, Sixth World Congress on Air Quality, Paris (France), May 16-20, Int. Union Air Pollution Prevention Assocns, Vol. 4, pp. 265-72 (1983).

43)           "Metal oxides as flame retardants-smoke suppressants: recent developments", M.M. Hirschler, Seventh Europ. Conf. on Flammability and Fire Retardants, Alena Enterprises of Canada, London (U.K.), June 9-10, 1983.

42)           "The influence of metal chelates on the oxidative degradation of polypropylene", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, in Proc. Fifth Ann. Int. Conf. Advances in the Stabilisation and Controlled Degradation of Polymers, Zurich (Switzerland), June 1-3, pp. 195-207 (1983).

41)           "The significance of thermoanalytical measurements in the assessment of polymer flammability", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Polymer, 24, 834-40 (1983).

40)           "Mechanism of action of pyrogenic silica as a smoke suppressant for polystyrene", R. Chalabi, C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J., 19, 461-8 (1983).

39)           "The effect of combinations of aluminium (III) oxides and decabromobiphenyl on the flammability of and smoke production from acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene terpolymer", M.M. Hirschler and O. Tsika, Europ. Polymer J., 19, 375-80 (1983).

38)           "Thermal analysis and flammability of polymers: Effect of halogen-metal additive systems", M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J. 19, 121-9 (1983).

37)           "Flame retardance and smoke suppression by tin (IV) oxide phases and decabromobiphenyl", J.D. Donaldson, J. Donbavand and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J. 19, 33-41 (1983).

36)           "The combustion of cellulose under conditions of rapid heating", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler, R.P. Townsend and V. Visanuvimol, Combust. Flame 49, 249-54 (1983).

35)           "The pyrolysis of cellulose under conditions of rapid heating", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler, R.P. Townsend and V. Visanuvimol, Combust. Flame 49, 235-48 (1983).

34)           "The role of specific elements in flame-retardant mechanisms", M.M. Hirschler, Polymer Flammability: Mechanistic and Practical Aspects, P.D.D.G. Conf., Macro Group U.K.(Royal Soc. Chemistry), September 2-3, Cambridge (U.K.), 1983 (Industrial Chemistry Bulletin, 2, 52 (1983)).

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1982

33)           "Thermal stability and flammability of organic polymers", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, I.U.P.A.C. Macro '82, Polymer Degradation and Stabilisation, July 12-16, Amherst (U.S.), p. 286, 1982.

32)           "Relation between the thermal behaviour and flame-retardant effectiveness of metal oxides in halogen-containing thermoplastics", M.M. Hirschler, Sixth European Conf. on Flammability and Fire Retardants, Alena Enterprises of Canada, June 24-25, Nice (France), 1982.

31)           "Effect of oxygen on the thermal decomposition of poly(vinylidene fluoride)", M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J. 18, 463-7, (1982).

30)           "Comprehensive study of the effect of composition on the flame-retardant activity of antimony oxide and halogenated hydrocarbons in thermoplastic polymers", F.K. Antia, P.J. Baldry and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J., 18, 167-74 (1982).

29)           "Binary mixtures of metal compounds as flame retardants for organic polymers", F.K. Antia, C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J., 18, 95-107 (1982).

28)           "Recent developments in flame-retardant mechanisms", M.M. Hirschler, in "Developments in Polymer Stabilisation, Vol. 5", Ed. G. Scott, pp. 107-52, Applied Science Publ., London, 1982.

27)           "The cool-flame combustion of decane", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and R.L. Rogers, Proc. Royal Soc. (London), A 382, 429-40 (1982).

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1981

26)           "The oxidation of decane in the gaseous and liquid phases", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and R.L. Rogers, Proc. Royal Soc. (London), A 375, 543-63 (1981).

25)           "Experimental techniques for the combustion of fuels of low volatility and high reactivity", C.F. Cullis, M.M. Hirschler and R.L. Rogers, 18th. Symp. (Int.) on Combustion, pp. 1575-82, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, 1981.

24)           "The inhibition of polymer combustion by metal oxides", F.K. Antia, C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, First Specialists' Mtg Combustion Institute, Bordeaux (France), July 20-25, pp. 602-7 (1981).

23)           "The combined action of aluminium oxides and halogen compounds as flame retardants", F.K. Antia, C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Europ. Polymer J., 17, 451-5, (1981).

22)           "The oxidative thermal stability of plastic propellants", A.W. Benbow and M.M. Hirschler, Report for Procurement Executive, Propellants, Explosives and Rockets Motor Establishment, Ministry of Defence, U.K., Contract No. D/RM 1/11/240, February 1981.

21)           "Biogenic sulphur emissions", M.M. Hirschler, Atmos. Environ. 15, 1336 (1981).

20)           "Smoking and air pollution", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Seventh Int. Clean Air Conf., Clean Air Soc. Australia and New Zealand, Adelaide (Australia), August 21-27, pp. 115-29 (1981).

19)           "Man's emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere", M.M. Hirschler, Atmos. Environ., 15, 719-27 (1981).

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1980

18)           "The effect of atropisomerism upon electrophilic aromatic reactivity: detritiation of hexa- and tetra-o-phenylene", M.M. Hirschler and R. Taylor, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Comm., 967-9 (1980).

17)           "Ignition of Kynar oxygen valve material", M.M. Hirschler, Report for Health and Safety Executive, U.K., Contract No. 1186-46.04, November 1980.

16)           "Atmospheric sulphur: natural and man-made sources", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Atmos. Environ., 14, 1263-78 (1980).

15)           "Sulphur emissions, the environment and chemical industry", M.M. Hirschler, Introductory Lecture, Int. Symp. on Sulphur Emissions and the Environment, London (U.K.), May 8-10, 1979, Soc. Chem. Industry, pp. 445-55 (Discussion Volume) (1980).

14)           "Atmospheric cycles of some common elements: II. Man's activities", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Educ. Chem. 17, 40-3 (1980).

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1979

13)           "Sulphur emissions into the atmosphere", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Int. Symp. on Sulphur Emissions and the Environment, London (U.K.), May 8-10, Soc. Chem. Industry, pp. 1-23 (1979).

1978

12)                       "Isotopic tracer studies of the further reactions of pentenes in the combustion of pentane", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Proc. Royal Soc. (London) A 364, 309-29 (1978).

11)           "The formation and destruction of pentenes during the combustion of pentane", C.F. Cullis and M.M. Hirschler, Proc. Royal Soc. (London) A 364, 75-88 (1978).

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1977

10)           "Electrophilic aromatic substitution.  Part 18.  Protiodetritiation of anthracene, coronene and triphenylene in anhydrous trifluoroacetic acid", H.V. Ansell, M.M. Hirschler and R. Taylor, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin II, 353-5 (1977).

9)          "Triethyl aluminium as a concentration-dependent coinitiator and chain-transfer agent of free radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate in the presence of benzoquinone", J. Grotewold and M.M. Hirschler, J. Polymer Sci., A-1 (Polymer Chemistry), 15, 393-404 (1977).

8)           "Stoichiometric formation of methyl methacrylate oligomer by triethyl aluminium in the presence of azobisisobutyronitrile", J. Grotewold and M.M. Hirschler, J. Polymer Sci., A-1 (Polymer Chemistry), 15, 383-91 (1977).

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1975

7)           "Report on carbons, carbonization, additives (oxidative and reductive) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons", M.M. Hirschler, Internal Publication, ALUAR Aluminio Argentino, 1975.

6)           "Mechanism of polymerization of methyl methacrylate in the presence of triethyl aluminium together with a typical free radical inhibitor or an initiator", Doctoral Dissertation, University of Buenos Aires.

1974

5)           "Formation of a methyl methacrylate oligomer by combining triethyl aluminium and azobisisobutyronitrile", J. Grotewold and M.M. Hirschler, Kinetics and Photochemistry Symposium, Rio Cuarto (Argentina), August 6-10, 1974.

4)           "Free radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate in the presence of benzoquinone and triethyl aluminium", J. Grotewold and M.M. Hirschler, Int. Symp. on Macromolecules, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, July 26-31, 1974.


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